Drugs and alcohol have an effect not only on the user's body but on their brain as well. The negative effects can occur during use as well as during the recovery process.
Drug addictions cause many major problems in the user’s life. It can create chaos in their relationships, their financial world, their working life, and can create a world of isolation. Aside from the world around them addicts also find that they have problems with their mental processes as well as with many different physical ailments. Even though the addiction has caused many problems in the person’s body and may even have turned their life into chaos they will continue to seek out the substance due to the positive reinforcement, which is the reward the brain supplies to the user, which the substance offers to them.
Drugs have been shown to either increase or decrease different neurotransmitters within the human brain. This alteration in neurotransmitters is the positive reinforcement that alters how a person thinks and feels which will have the user coming back for more. Some of these rewards that the altered neurotransmitters will supply the user with include ecstasy, social connectedness, pain relief, pleasure, mystical insight, escape, or even relaxation, but the effect will depend on the type of drug taken. If a person takes a drug for a prolonged period of time they will find that they need more of the substance to obtain the same reward and this is when a tolerance builds and an addiction begins. While the rewards for drug use do not sound bad the effect that playing with natural neurotransmitters when they are not needed are not so nice. Abusing the brains neurotransmitters may cause them to not work on their own and this will create problems with memory, motor function, inability to have stable moods, and in some cases it may cause disorders such as schizophrenia to develop. Some drugs may even cause permanent damage to various areas of the brain itself.
When people come down from different drugs it can cause the user to go through lethargy, depression, tremors, or worse. In these cases a good rehabilitation program should be considered. Inpatient Drug and alcohol addiction treatment programs will have staff members who are fully trained so the patient can detox safely. After the individual is safe from the harmful effects of withdrawal they can start their journey on the road to recovery. Generally a person will only stay in an inpatient treatment facility for a short while, maybe a few months, and then they will be transferred to a partial day program or even a complete outpatient program.
Drugs and alcohol have an effect not only on the user’s body but on their brain as well. The negative effects can occur during use as well as during the recovery process. A quality drug and alcohol treatment center will have staff on hand that is fully trained in all of the mental processes a recovering addict will go through during the process. In the same facility there will often be a medical physician on staff to help the recovering addict with the damage that has been done to their body while they were using.